Guide to Prepare for a Trek in the Himalayas

images-1The Himalayas are impressive mountain extends, and trekking them can be an energizing and in addition a tedious affair. Here, we will let you know how to go on a Himalayan trek, and what arrangements are required for the same.

Trekking is an addiction. Every year, thousands of people from across the world leave their homes for days together, in order to go trekking and explore the lesser-known and difficult terrains of our planet. People are so enthusiastic about their treks that they tend to prepare for them several months in advance, and more often than not, their journeys, indeed, exceed their expectations. One such destination, which is undoubtedly a haven for trekking enthusiasts worldwide, is the Himalayas. The sheer mention of the name gets trekkers on their toes, and soon, they are on to an expedition to explore the forbidden peaks of the mighty mountains.

Preparing for a Himalayan Trek

If you wish to go on a trek to the Himalayas, it’s important to ensure you are thoroughly prepared. The most handsome mountain ranges in the world can also be most unpredictable and at times, ruthless for an unsuspecting trekker. Here is a rough guide that will help you make adequate and proper preparations for your ‘trek of a lifetime’.

Stay Fit

If you are attracted to the beauty and serenity of the Himalayas and decide to trek the mountains, it is very essential to stay extremely fit. Only the fitness of your body will help you climb the tough terrain of the Himalayan ranges, and complete the mission.

Increase Your Stamina

You can begin by doing simple things, such as taking the stairs instead of the elevator, climbing steep hills, preferably with a loaded backpack, walking faster than usual, and also covering long distances. These exercises will enable you to increase your stamina, and this will help you a lot during your actual trek. Other cardiovascular exercises can also help you to a great extent.

Keep Yourself Hydrated

This becomes very essential, especially when you are climbing steep terrains and/or camping at very high altitudes. As you climb higher and higher, the oxygen levels in the atmosphere tend to diminish, leading to breathlessness and extensive fluid loss from your body. This can be dealt with if you focus on optimizing your sleep. Make it a point to sleep for at least eight hours a day. Moreover, drink lots of water. This will not only keep you hydrated, but will also make you less susceptible to altitude sickness during your trek.

At the end, do not forget to do regular muscle exercises so that they are conditioned for the difficult ascents and descents in the trek.

Be Absolutely Sure About Your Health

If you are planning to go trekking, you need to be absolutely sure that you are not suffering from any kind of illness. Before starting your trek, if you have any kind of uneasiness or there is an onset of a mental or physical problem, it is more advisable to postpone your plan.
This is simply because the mountains can be hostile at times, and medical facilities may not be available in the most remote passes. It is, therefore, not advisable to ignore even a slightest hint of an illness, as it may become really troublesome later on.

Eat a Wholesome Diet

For trekking in the Himalayas, it is essential to stay in good physical and mental shape, and one of the basic factors promoting this is the consumption of good food. As you go deeper and deeper into the Himalayas, freshly cooked food remains your only option, as canned food loses its taste and nutrition after some days. So, while you are in the process of grooming yourself for the tedious trek, focus more on eating freshly cooked, simple but wholesome food so that it won’t be very difficult for you during your trip.

Do Basic Research

If you are going on a Himalayan trek for the first time, it is very important that you know the region. This is simply because it will help you prepare yourself mentally for the trek. You can get help from the Internet, regarding the mountains themselves, people, culture, food, climate, geography, and also the various tour operators in the area.
If you know someone who had been to a Himalayan trek in the past, then it is a good idea to speak to that person about his/her experiences. This will help you decide whether you actually want to embark on the journey or not. Also, see if any sort of permits or licenses are required to go trekking in certain areas of the Himalayas. Generally, the agents take care of these, but if you are traveling on your own, you need to get information on the various authorities that issue these licenses and permits, and get in touch with them as soon as possible.

Plan Your Trip

The Himalayan ranges are a beautiful blend of natural treasures and cultural heritage. See where your interest lies, and chalk out an itinerary for your trek. For instance, if natural beauty is what impresses you, you may choose to trek through the lush, luxuriant Himalayan forests, in which case, Sikkim would be a good place to go.
On the other hand, if you are a history freak and wish to explore some of the ancient Buddhist monasteries, Little Tibet may be a good option. It should be noted that it is impossible to capture the Himalayas in one, single trek. So, plan properly as to exactly what you want to achieve through your trek.

Proper Timing is Vital

Once you have decided where in the Himalayas you want to go, the next step is to determine when you should go there. The best time to go trekking into the Himalayas is generally from March to June. However, you should not be overconfident about the weather, which may change drastically all of a sudden.

The Indian Himalayas experience heavy rains during the months of July and August. So, it is better not to head towards them during this period. Moreover, they also experience an extreme winter from the middle of November till March. So, if you want to trek the mountains during this period, you can head to Nepal instead of India.

Consider the Unforeseen Expenses

Setting a budget is important, especially if you decide to trek independently. Remember that you are about to head towards an absolutely unpredictable place on earth, and therefore, apart from the obvious expenses such as those incurred on food, accommodation, porters, and transportation, there may also be numerous unforeseen expenses. Hence, it is advisable to keep some extra cash with you.
On the other hand, if an agent is organizing your trip, it is recommended to carry some extra money to be given as tip. Hanging on to a tight budget while on a Himalayan trek might not help in certain contingent situations.

Assemble a Proper Trekking Gear

Trekking certain remote locations in the Himalayas can tend to be more difficult than those in the other mountain ranges in the world. So, you have to be absolutely sure that your trekking gear is of a good quality, and sturdy enough to withstand the brutalities of mountain weather. If your agent is arranging a gear for you, do not sit back and relax. Double-check the contents arranged by your agent. If in doubt, at least carry your own sleeping bag and tent.

Things to Remember
◆ Do not forget to carry enough warm clothes, as the Himalayan climate remains cold throughout the year.

◆ Carry a medical kit, containing, apart from your basic medications, things such as wound disinfectants, band aids, mosquito repellents, a thermometer, and some analgesics and antibiotics, as prescribed by your physician.
◆ If you are trekking independently, be sure that you carry adequate camping and cooking equipment. This should include a sturdy, but lightweight tent, sleeping mats, a kerosene stove, and some lightweight utensils.

◆ Before hiring a trekking company, check properly about their reputation. Ensure that your guide is experienced and knows the routes properly. It is also advisable that you purchase a map of the region before you embark on

No matter how long or difficult your Himalayan trek may be, the mountains will always make you happy, so much so that you will want to return to them again and again. All you need to do is to consider the tips given above, before you decide to embark on your journey. It is also advisable that you carry some basic medicines with you so that they can come handy whenever you need them during the trek. You can also carry certain foodstuff, such as dry fruits, chocolates, or packets of instant noodles so that you can have quick bites on high altitudes. Carry only those items which are absolutely necessary, and see to it that your backpack is as light as possible. Remember to be polite and respectful towards the local people. Eventually, it will be nothing but your positive attitude that will help you successfully complete the trek, and return home with an unparalleled experience that you will cherish all through your life.

Tips to Adventure Travel Destinations

Who wouldn’t want to live a life full of journeys and exploration? In fact, children who get the opportunity to see the world can surely be deemed fortunate. Young minds always tend to view the world in the right perspective, since their thinking is pretty much clean and not biased. If we are to educate our kids about the world, the best means would be to actually take them out there.

Seems like a fine idea on paper, isn’t it? Especially when parents have to contend with a thousand chants of “I’m bored” and “Are we there yet?” throughout the journey. Well, this certainly is the drawback of traveling with kids. But we do urge you to browse through this list of kid-friendly adventure travel destinations―you can’t be assured of a no-complaints trip, but they will definitely be reduced to a bare minimum.

Japan

Japan doesn’t just have to be the good ol’ Land of the Rising Sun, neither should it be limited to just another exotic eastern destinations. As a matter of fact, Japan happens to be a winner of a destination among young children and teenagers alike. Well, with their sterling anime and manga culture, and of course, Hello Kitty, it isn’t really a surprise.
What got Japan a spot on this list?

▶ The uniqueness of Japanese culture is something which needs to be observed and experienced up close.

▶ Their style of architecture, the topography of the country, their mannerisms, language, cuisine, and lifestyle is vastly different from ours―which presents a fabulous learning opportunity for children.

▶ Disneyland is always a hit with children and parents alike, which is why you can have fun at the Japanese version of this fabulous theme park.

▶ Watching a Sumo match, riding a dizzying roller coaster at Fuji-Q Highland, and tasting the very unique Japanese cuisine can be a novel experience for young children.

▶ WalkJapan conducts these very interesting and off-the-beaten-track walking tours that are enriching, adventurous, and highly entertaining for the adults along with slightly older kids.

Egypt

Pharaohs and mummies? You bet! All thanks to Hollywood, no kid is really immune to the mystique of ancient Egyptian culture and those lofty Pyramids of theirs. Seeped in tradition, your preteens and teenagers are bound to have a blast here in Egypt.
Isn’t there a travel advisory against going to Egypt?

▶ Umm … unfortunately, there is. But things should hopefully change in the near future, as it would be a pity for families to miss out on a spectacular destination such as this.

▶ If you do get the chance to visit this nation, do be aware that the Giza Pyramids are simply the tip of the iceberg among all Egyptian attractions.

▶ The humongous lakeside temples of Abu Simbel, the Valley of the Kings, Luxor Temple, the Lighthouse of Alexandria―Egypt does not have a dearth of places to visit.

▶ From ditzy camel rides, felucca sailboat cruise, to snorkeling in the Red Sea, your children will have a lot of exiting things to look forward to; more importantly, none of which include an amusement park.

South Africa

Who isn’t enamored by the beauty of the African continent? We sure are. South Africa, in particular, has everything you need to enjoy a fun filled adventure with the entire family. The Rainbow Nation lets you make the most of your holiday by bringing you close to nature, and packs an urban punch as well.
Do tell us more!

▶ A South African holiday can turn out to be the mother of all adventures, with a visit to Shark Alley, close to the fishing hamlet of Gansbaai near Cape Town. Here, you will get the opportunity to experience a caged dive with the most ferocious creature that inhabits our seas, the Great White Shark.

▶ The coast of South Africa is also home to the African penguin; and there isn’t a better place to spot these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat.

▶ Speaking of natural habitats, an African safari is a must when you’re visiting this continent, and there cannot be a better way of letting your children experience nature in all its glory.

Finland

A trip to Finland is akin to visiting a land right out of fairy tales. This Scandinavian nation is not just about skiing, snowfall, Santa Claus, and sleds, it has a lot more going for it than you can imagine.
What is so special about Finland?

▶ The best part about Finland is that it has something for every season. Yes, it can be a matter of disbelief, but it’s true, nevertheless. Adventure buffs, especially, can have a fabulous time in the skiing and snowboarding season. Alpine climbing is also a fantastic option.

▶ Wintertime in Finland lasts from October to March, which gives you ample opportunity to view the amazing phenomenon of aurora borealis (northern lights). Also, wintertime is festive season here, with Christmas being celebrated in full bloom in Lapland, the home of Santa Claus.

▶ The polar summers are a unique phenomenon as well, with the children getting a chance to experience prolonged periods of sunshine, referred to as the midnight sun.

Australia

To merge with the spirit of this vast land, you’ve got to hit the road. Campervanning is the best way to see Australia; and if the idea of doing so with kids gives you the chills, just relax. Road trips in Oz aren’t just road trips, as you’ll be wandering among the land of marsupials, exotic desert fauna, and weird poisonous species―all of this is sure to churn enough curiosity and excitement to last well beyond the trip.
Thunder Down Under, anyone?

▶ Being as vast as it is, Australia has kid-friendly attractions that will take months to actually explore, but a spot that qualifies as unmissable has got to be the Great Barrier Reef. Go sailing along with the family to the Whitsunday Islands, where you’ll be able to take a dip into the ocean to see the famous corals.

▶ Kangaroos, koalas, platypus―Australian wildlife is so unlike the rest of the world. Your kids may have seen them in the zoo, but to view them in their original habitat is a wonderful experience.

Hawaii

The Aloha State has fascinated children of all ages, owing to its image of a paradise island. Its varied topography has bestowed a landscape so beautiful, that everyone finds it hard to resist the charms of these islands.
Aloha, Hawaii!

▶ Beaches tend to have a favorable effect on the minds of all children, and as we all know, the beaches of Hawaii are second to none. Your children will relish the opportunity to go swimming with the dolphins, or even enjoy a caged dip with the sharks. For younger kids, snorkeling is a great activity.

▶ Got your fill of the beaches? Head to the mountains then. Take your children to explore the Haleakala crater in Maui, or the Diamond Head crater in Oahu. Hawaii, for one, is as beautiful from ashore as it is from the hills.

▶ Hawaiian marine life is precious and sacred to the locals, and they are all too eager to impart these values in the young. The Maui Ocean Center’s Turtle Lagoon and Hammerhead Harbor are two amazing places for children to visit.

California

What can we say about sunny California? It is the one state that definitely deserves at least a visit; count yourselves among the fortunate if you happen to live here. One doesn’t really need to ponder about places to vacation in California―one is simply spoiled for choice.
Where to, then?

▶ Disneyland and SeaWorld almost immediately pop up in mind, as does the very famous San Diego Zoo. The charms of San Francisco aren’t lost on children as well as their parents.

▶ For the outdoorsy types, California can be heaven. Camping, hiking, skiing, rock climbing, ice climbing, mountain biking―name it, and you shall have it here. The Yosemite National Park is a favored family holiday destination.

▶ Coast-side activities are fun as well, with California’s Pacific shoreline boasting of the best beach destinations in the world.

New York City

So why would we recommend you to drag your family into the hustle bustle of the Big Apple? That is precisely why. Children are sure to love everything “New York”, right from its iconic skyline, to the delicious street food. It may not cater to the idea of adventure trips, but you’ve got to admit, NYC is one huge playground for kids to frolic about.
Describe our Big Apple bonanza.
▶ Do the essentials to begin with― the Statue of Liberty, Empire State Building, Central Park, Times Square, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Sony Wonder Technology Lab.

▶ The Bronx Zoo deserves a special mention, since it is the world’s largest metropolitan zoo, with around 6,000 animals representing about 650 species from around the world.

▶ Prospect Park has everything from bicycling and baseball, to fishing and football. It contains several playgrounds, and you can roam through the borough’s only forest, or let your kids ride the park’s carousel, a 100-year-old vintage piece with beautifully carved horses.

Washington D.C.

Well, a trip to D.C. May not qualify as an ‘adventure’ per se, but the goldmine of history that it is, Washington is a must-see for all kids. The Capitol, the White House, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Washington Monument are the undisputed highlights of D.C., but there are also a lot of strictly-for-kids attractions here as well.
There’s never a dull moment in D.C.
▶ The National Mall is the epicenter of all things interesting, as well as educational. This area includes the Smithsonian Institution’s famed museums―the National Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of American History, the National Air and Space Museum, and others.

▶ Half an hour away from D.C. lies Six Flags America, a phenomenally popular amusement park that promises an entire day dedicated to some awesome family fun.

Florida

SeaWorld. Walt Disney World. Islands of Adventure. Universal Studios. Need we say more about why you need to bring your kids to Orlando? I think not. Granted that Orlando shines over all other destinations in Florida, when it comes to vacationing with kids. But surprise, surprise, there is a lot more.
Bask in Florida’s sunshine.
▶ St. Augustine’s Pirate and Treasure Museum is a one of a kind place which has an actual pirate’s treasure chest, along with an original “Wanted” poster with a 500-pound sterling reward for the capture of pirate Henry Every, dating back to 1696. The town itself has a historic district, which was founded in 1565, and is a regular haunt for history fans. The area is built around a central plaza which is the oldest public park in the U.S.

▶ Fort Lauderdale is known as the Venice of Florida, and its unmatched beauty and recreational facilities make it an ideal family vacation destination. Indulging in seaside activities like swimming and snorkeling is a must.

▶ Daytona Beach has the International Speedway and in the vicinity you’ll also find the Kennedy Space Center. Besides, there are always the beaches to have some regular family fun.
Traveling with kids in tow is easier said than done. But as long as the destination manages to fuel the fancy of children, there isn’t much left for the parents to do except to join in the fun. Have a fabulous holiday!

Tips to Place Famous Glaciers

Is it accurate to say that you are arranging your next bold withdraw? Why not consider climbing in probably the most grand and wonderful icy masses our planet brings to the table. Here are a couple of the well known ice sheets of the world that you can look over.

Did You Know?
An estimated 75 percent of the world’s freshwater supply is locked in glacial ice.
Glaciers around the world attract a lot of tourists throughout the year. Long stretches of pristine, white landscapes and tranquil air is indeed enchanting and spellbinding. For a long time, glaciers have captured the fantasy of the adventure-seeking travelers, but in recent times, they have been in headlines for all the wrong reasons. In the past few years, global warming has raised serious concerns about the depletion of the Earth’s glacial regions. Due to the rise in overall temperature of our planet over the last decade, glacial ice is melting at a rapid pace, and as a result, these blankets of ice are receding.
Famous Glaciers to Visit While You Can
Among the most amazing natural wonders of Earth are the mighty glaciers―calm and benign at one point of time, while ruthless and treacherous at another. Slowly, they creep downwards from the high mountain terrains to the lowlands, and cover enormous expanses of the polar regions. For millions and millions of years, these glaciers have been forming and melting, and have, thus, shaped some of the finest landscapes that Earth has. Despite their unpredictable moods, people have been fascinated by the beauty of these serenely white sheets of ice that cover enormous landmasses, and have been drawn towards them time and again. If you are one of these curious nature enthusiasts and/or adventure-seekers, we, at Buzzle, have compiled for you, a brief list of some of the most famous and beautiful glaciers around the world.
Lambert Glacier

Location: East Antarctica
Type: Valley Glacier

◼ Home to hundreds of awe-inspiring glaciers, Antarctica also comprises the world’s largest glacier―the Lambert Glacier―which measures approximately 60 miles wide, 250 miles long, and about 1.5 miles deep.

◼ Considered to be very important for the study of climate change, it drains about 8% of the Antarctic Ice Sheet― the world’s largest ice sheet, covering an area of 14,000,000 sq km―until it eventually reaches the Amery Ice Shelf, which is, in fact, only a seaward extension of the Lambert.

◼ The Amery Ice Shelf is particularly interesting, in that it comprises some of the most rarely found bottlegreen-colored icebergs, which, according to scientists, get their color from the large amount of organic matter that they contain.

Tourism: Lambert Glacier lies in an extremely isolated part of Antarctica, owing to which it is not very easy to reach there. It requires a long and an expensive voyage. Moreover, the overall stay on the continent also involves a lot of expenses. Tourists rarely visit this glacier, and according to Lonely Planet, a maximum of two tourist ships sail to the place in a year.
Vatnajökull Glacier

Country: Iceland
Type: Ice Cap
◼ Ranking high among the largest glaciers of Europe, the Vatnajökull, a.k.a Vatna Glacier, is also the most voluminous one in Iceland.

◼ Covering a total area of 8,100 sq km, this iceberg actually forms the largest ice cap, not only in the whole of Europe, but also outside the polar regions.

◼ Covering around 8% of Iceland’s total area, the Vatnajökull Glacier has several active volcanoes underneath it.

Tourism: The glacier forms part of the Vatnajökull National Park, one of the major tourist spots in southeast Iceland. Tourists are allowed to take guided scenic hikes on the glacier.
Perito Moreno Glacier

Country: Argentina
Type: Tidewater Glacier

◼ Named after the explorer Francisco Moreno, the Perito Moreno Glacier is one of the major tourist attractions in the Argentine Patagonia.

◼ Spread over an area of 250 sq km, and stretching over 30 km in length, it forms part of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field, the third largest freshwater reserve in the world.

◼ This glacier is one of three Patagonian glaciers that is expanding, however, the reasons for this are debated by glaciologists.

Tourism: Located in the Los Glaciares National Park in southwest Santa Cruz province of Argentina, this glacier is one of the major tourist attractions. Owing to its easy accessibility, several walking and trekking tours of the glacier have gained popularity in recent times. Several tour companies organize these tours for people.
Furtwängler Glacier

Country: Tanzania
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Situated on the cap of Mt. Kilimanjaro, Furtwängler is the most famous glacier in Africa. Over the last century, most of the glacial ice has disappeared. What remains today is just 12% of what used to crown the peaks of Mt. Kilimanjaro a century ago.

◼ The disappearance of the glacier has raised huge concern among environmentalists and glaciologists, and it is said that at the current rate of retreat, the glacier might disappear by the year 2020.

◼ In 2010, the journal Global and Planetary Change published a study about Furtwängler’s retreat, which said that deforestation activities in the lower slopes of Mouth Kilimanjaro is resulting in the reduction of the flow of moisture up towards its summit. This is the main reason why the glacier is melting at a fast pace.

Tourism: Mount Kilimanjaro, over which the glacier rests, is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park. Tourists are allowed to hike to the summit of the mountain, and also to camp right next to the glacier.
Pasterze Glacier

Country: Austria
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ One of the major tourist attractions in Austria, the Pasterze Glacier is not only the longest glacier in Austria, but also in the eastern Alps.

◼ It is around 8.5 km in length, with an area of 18.5 sq km, however, it is now retreating rapidly at the rate of 10 m every year.

◼ There is no doubt that the glacier is melting due to global warming, however, its retreat also turns our attention towards the fragility of the Alpine ecosystems.

Tourism: The glacier lies right beneath Austria’s largest mountain, Grossglockner, and hence, is very popular among hikers. The funicular railway that takes tourists to the glacier is also a major attraction in the region.
Yulong Glacier

Country: China
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Part of Mount Yulong, popularly known as the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, the Yulong Glacier is situated on the mountain’s summit.

◼ It is among the most difficult glaciers to climb because of its altitude, and hence, it is popular among seasoned mountaineers who are looking for a challenging hike.

◼ Yulong Glacier is also retreating since the 1980s, and many Chinese scientists predict that it might be gone in another 50 years time.

Tourism: Apart from the adventure-seekers, Mount Yulong and it’s glacial summit also attract a large number of sightseers. People can go up to the peak by cable cars to see some of the most awe-inspiring views of the surrounding areas.
Fox Glacier

Country: New Zealand
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Named in 1872 after the then Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sir William Fox, the Fox Glacier is one of the most popular and easily accessible glaciers in New Zealand.

◼ Situated in the West Coast region of New Zealand’s South Island, it is 13 km in length, and has been expanding since the year 1985.

◼ What makes this glacier stand apart is that fact that it is one of those few of them, which terminate in the lush rainforests.

Tourism: The glacier has been promoted as a major tourist spot in New Zealand. Alongside guided and unguided excursions on and around the glacier, people are also seen taking helicopter rides and engaging in skydiving.
Franz Josef Glacier

Country: New Zealand
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Just 25 km away from the Fox Glacier is another famous glacier of New Zealand, the Franz Josef. Named after the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef I, it runs over a stretch of 12 km, and is the steepest glacier in the country.

◼ It is located just 300 meters above the sea level, and terminates, like the Fox Glacier, amidst the lush green beauty of a temperate rainforest.

◼ The region that surrounds both these glaciers is part of the Te Wāhipounamu, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, that encompasses three national parks.

Tourism: Another major tourist attraction of the West Coast, this site offers several picturesque views of the region. Guided and unguided tours of the glacier are possible, however, of late, owing to its unstable terminal face, helicopter rides are encouraged more than walking excursions.
Mendenhall Glacier

Country: The United States
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ This 12-mile long glacier is situated in the Mendenhall Valley in the Juneau Borough in Alaska. Along with its surrounding landscape, the glacier forms part of a protected area, called the Mendenhall Glacier Recreation Area that falls under a federally designated unit of the Tongass National Forest.

◼ Recent data proves that the Mendenhall has been retreating, and will continue to do so in the foreseeable future, owing to the continuously increasing global temperature.

◼ However, the law of unintended consequences seems to have worked well in case of this glacier. The glacier’s recession has resulted in the formation of the Mendenhall Lake, which has been growing since 1931. The lake is a unique ecosystem in itself, and has grown to become a popular location for sport fishing.

Tourism: The Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center is being operated near the site by the United States Forest Service, which offers several educational programs for adults and children all through the year. The visitor center also houses a restaurant, a library, a souvenir shop, and a small museum. Several guided trails of the glacier are also offered.
Athabasca Glacier

Country: Canada
Type: Ice Field

◼ One of the most visited glaciers in North America, this glacier is 6 km long, covering an area of around 2.3 sq miles, but is said to be receding at the rate of 3 m every year.

◼ The glacier is located very close to the Icefields Parkway, between the towns of Jasper and Banff in the Canadian province of Alberta. Owing to this, it is more easily accessible.

◼ Traveling to the glacier unequipped is not recommended, and in the past the glacier’s hidden crevasses have actually resulted in deaths of some of the tourists.

Tourism: The Icefield Interpretive Center is located near the site, which offers guided sightseeing of the glacier. There is also a sightseeing tour ticket counter in the Center. Visitors can reach the edge of the glacier by standard buses, after which they have to take the special snow coaches, in order to climb upwards. Entry to the glacier is closed in winter, from mid-October to mid-April.
Hubbard Glacier

Country: The United States, Canada
Type: Tidewater Glacier

◼ Located in eastern Alaska and the Yukon territory of Canada, the Hubbard Glacier is one of the fast expanding glaciers, and also one of the most popular attractions in North America.

◼ Stretching over a length of 122 km, the Hubbard Glacier, is the largest tidewater glacier on the North American continent. It offers a sight to behold, but trekking on the glacier is not allowed.

◼ Research tells us that the ice that lies at the foot of the glacier is about 400 years old. Moreover, it is a known fact that the Hubbard constantly calves off colossal icebergs, some even as tall as ten-storied buildings.

Tourism: Though trekking on this glacier is not allowed as mentioned earlier, tourists can take helicopter tours of the Hubbard and see some immensely captivating views. Walking tours are available, but these need special permissions and a professional guide.
Jostedalsbreen Glacier

Country: Norway
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Spread over an area of around 487 sq km, and about 60 km long, Jostedalsbreen Glacier is the largest glacier in continental Europe.

◼ It is a part of the Jostedalsbreen National Park that was established in the year 1991, and covers over 50% of the total area of the park.

◼ The glacier does display high melting rates in its snouts. However, despite rising temperature, the high rate of snowfall that the region experiences is the source of the considerable amount of ice that the glacier still holds.

Tourism: Hiking is allowed on the Jostedalsbreen Glacier, however, guided hikes are encouraged more in the area. There is also a visitors’ center in the vicinity, that houses a small exhibition regarding the National Park, its geology, flora and fauna.
Aletsch Glacier

Country: Switzerland
Type: Valley Glacier

◼ Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier on the Swiss Alps, covering an area of 120 sq km, and spread over a length of around 24 km.

◼ The glacier is a part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2001.

◼ This mighty glacier actually comprises three smaller glaciers, which meet each other at Concordia. Past this point, the Aletsch continues towards the Rhone Valley until it gives birth to the Massa River.

Tourism: While guided trekking and walking tours are available for the adventure-seekers, the glacier is no less attractive for the sightseeing enthusiasts as well. They can take a cable car, and witness some of the most spellbinding views of the glacier and surrounding areas.
Langjökull Glacier

Country: Iceland
Type: Ice Cap

◼ Langjökull Glacier, which literally translates to ‘long glacier’, is the second-largest glacier in Iceland, only after the Vatnajökull Glacier. Spread over an area of around 953 sq km, it is approximately parallel to Iceland’s active volcano zone, and is surrounded by some smaller glaciers and mountain ranges.

◼ Though this glacier is large in size, it is interesting to note that it is not a source of many rivers. In fact, according to research, numerous hot springs in the Borgarfjörður region, receive their groundwater from this very glacier.

◼ However, according to research, this glacier is repleting rapidly, and according to glaciologists, it will completely disappear in the next 150 years.

Tourism: The region around the glacier is sparsely populated, and there is also not much tourist influx in the region. However, certain guided climbing excursions of the glacier are available.
Baltoro Glacier

Country: Pakistan
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ Located in the Karakoram mountain range in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, the Baltoro Glacier is 62 km long, which makes it one of the longest glaciers, not situated in a polar regions.

◼ Some of the most famous mountain ranges in the world, including the K1 and the K2 stand in the vicinity of this glacier, thus, also making it one of the most famous tourist destinations.

◼ Many of the glacial streams, which rise on the Baltoro during summer, are known to flow freely during the day, and to freeze overnight.

Tourism: Tourists indulge in mountaineering and trekking excursions on the Baltoro glacier, however, it is regularly patrolled by the Pakistan army, owing to some regional tensions.
Portage Glacier

Country: The United States
Type: Mountain Glacier

◼ A part of the Chugach National Forest, Portage Glacier is situated in the state of Alaska in the United States. It stretches over a length of nearly 10 km, but recent stats show that it is retreating.

◼ Now located south of the Portage Lake, the glacier is known to have been filling the entire Portage Valley, some 100 years ago.

◼ According to studies, the glacier was initially much larger than it is now. But, with the passage of time, it broke up to form what are now five separate glaciers.

Tourism: In 1986, the United States Forest Service opened the Begich/Boggs Visitor Center near the glacier. However now, owing to its depletion, the glacier can no longer be seen from there. Tourists have to hire a commercial boat across the lake in order to seen the Portage.
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve

Occupying the northernmost portion of the southeastern Alaska coastline, between the Gulf of Alaska and Canada, the Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is an American national park that spreads over the land area of 3,223,384 acres.

Home to a large glacier, now repleting at a rapid pace, this national park is a major tourist spot in Alaska. The park offers several excursions, alongside activities such as sport hunting and sport fishing.
Now is the time to visit and explore these glaciers, these natural wonders, because if global warming has its way, then probably by the end of the century, most of these glaciers will be wiped out from the face of our planet.

Rafting Places for Adrenaline Junkies

Adrenaline junkies are dependably vigilant for their next huge enterprise, and most likely welcome it in any frame. Truth be told, challenging should it is, as much as possible. Whitewater rafting happens to be one such outrageous game that has picked up a significant fan taking after throughout the years. Come spring season (thought to be the best season for rafting), and rafting aficionados begin making a direct route towards their most loved stream with a specific end goal to get their fill of enterprise. The finest part about rafting is that it doesn’t require any related knowledge or preparing. Individuals matured 10 or upwards can appreciate this game, the length of they take after the wellbeing measures and the directions issued by the “chief” of their flatboat.

For adrenalin junkies, there are very few things that will come close to the thrills of whitewater rafting; after all, this sport can take a turn for the worse, if safety measures are ignored. But assuming that it’s done with the right precautions in place, this can be an adventure like no other.
Best Places for Whitewater Rafting in the World

Zambezi River, Zimbabwe

Africa’s got some big thrills up its sleeve in the form of the Zambezi river. This slammer of a river is full of big Class IV-V rapids that deliver the huge adrenaline surge as promised. The Batoka Gorge is where the Zambezi twists and turns over 23 rapids, going on for a 15-mile stretch below the Victoria Falls. This is best described as the continent’s most thrilling rafting experience, right beneath the fearsome Victoria Falls.

Colorado River, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

When you’re surrounded by natural beauty of epic proportions, it’s kind of hard to concentrate on the task at hand. But a moment’s distraction in the Colorado river can toss your raft in no time. This stretch of the Colorado river has what is probably the largest Class V rapids in the United States, which beckons rafting enthusiasts from the world over. For the highly adventurous lot, late spring holds the best thrills, when the post-winter snow melts from the Rocky mountains bringing in some massive Class IV-V rapids.

Futaleufú River, Chile

Flowing through the Chilean Patagonia, the Futaleufú river is one of the largest whitewater resources in the world. When you come here, be prepared to face the gushing turquoise water that flows from the Andean glaciers. Besides the superb surroundings, the best part about rafting here is that it has something for everyone. Beginners will enjoy the simpler turns, leaving the Class V rapids for the experts.

Middle Fork of the Salmon River, Idaho

The Middle Fork of Salmon river is undoubtedly one of North America’s premier rafting destinations. Over a hundred sets of rapids are set across the Salmon river that snakes through a country forest, granite canyons, and an endless expanse of grasslands. The best time to enjoy the consistent Class IV rapids here is in the months of May and June.

Apurímac River, Peru

The Apurímac river is the source of the Amazon, the largest river system in the world. This destination is steadily gaining popularity among the rafting clan for its unhindered and exhilarating Class IV rapids. The river flows close to Cusco, the ancient Inca city. So besides the obvious, you have a lot of architectural, historical, and geological attractions to partake in.

White Nile, Uganda

The White Nile flows from the rather calm Lake Victoria, but soon bursts into a major force as it runs through Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Sudan. Rafting on the river, though, is best enjoyed when you’re in Uganda, with rapids touching Class V as you ride past the lush greenery. And now to the best part―rafting on the White Nile is permitted all year round, with nine Class V rapids.

Tuolumne River, Yosemite National Park, California

The Tuolumne river stretches for a distance of 27 miles, where you can experience some amazing Class IV and V rapids. The river will test your paddling and maneuvering skills well, as you sail along the course. The best time to be here is in spring, and make most of the wilderness in Yosemite, as well as the bustling river.

Chilko River, British Columbia

You’ll find Canada’s best rafting experience in British Columbia’s Chilko river. The river’s location is simply stunning; you’ll find yourself in the midst of glaciated peaks, alpine forests and of course, bountiful whitewater. Rafting here requires a certain amount of expertise, with its continuous Class IV rapids.

Noce River, Italy

As the only European destination on this list, rafting on Noce river is pretty special. The river originates in the Alpine glaciers, and flows into the Val di Sole (Valley of the Sun) in northern Italy. Take a spin through Class V rapids, as the river thunders through the gorges of Mostizzolo.

Sun Kosi, Nepal

The Himalayan nation of Nepal is not just a haven for mountaineers. Rafting enthusiasts come here to enjoy the adrenalin rush as they crash through the Sun Kosi on the Himalayan slopes. The narrow gorges and canyons offer Class V rapids, with a view to die for.

Nothing beats the heady feeling you get after an adrenalin surge, while you indulge in an extreme sport. Whitewater rafting is sure to give you that very feeling, provided, of course, that you follow the necessary safety measures.